Space science experts have predicted more Solar storms heading to Earth over the next few days.
The Sun is in a pretty active state in recent weeks and it has been continuously spewing solar flares towards earth in that period. The Earth has been getting hit by a multiple solar storms, one after the other, without causing any damage so far except generating the beautiful auroras. Initially, the blasts were only expected to last for a few days, but experts now warn that over a dozen solar flares have erupted on the sun’s surface resulting in a potentially dangerous solar storm. It takes place when the Sun ejects powerful bursts of energy in the form of solar flares and coronal mass ejections.
The Sun is currently at the peak of its 11-year cycle, which is known as the solar maxima and hence, more sunspots are emerging on its surface. These sunspots appear darker than their surroundings on the sun’s surface. They erupt due to the magnetic disruptions in the photosphere – the lowest layer of the sun’s atmosphere.
Experts have warned that the active sunspot AR3078 has ejected four M-class solar flares, and over a dozen C-flares in the past 24 hours. Space weather physicist Dr Tamitha Skov has warned that solar eruptions don’t stop here and we could get more solar storm glancing blows through August 21. She tweeted, “This region just does not stop! Such a gorgeous eruption. We could very well get more solar storm glancing blows through August 21. Model runs are changing rapidly!”
The Geomagnetic storms that these storms will spark on Earth after they hit its magnetosphere are measured on “G scale” from 1 to 5 with G1 being minor and G5 being extreme. This means, a disturbance in radio frequency or power grid blackouts or communication blackouts could be seen in some parts of the world. Yesterday, on August 18, a geomagnetic storm created a colorful aurora borealis also known as northern lights in parts of the US after colliding with Earth’s magnetic field.